Top Current Affairs: 20 April 2018

Top Current Affairs: 20 April 2018

1. Which country recently honoured the first conquest of Mount Everest without bottled oxygen?
a) India
b) Nepal
c) UK
d) China
2. Miguel Diaz-Canel has been elected as the new President of which nation?
a) Nigeria
b) Zambia
c) South Africa
d) Cuba
3. Who has been chosen as the new chief of US space agency, NASA?
a) Jim Bridenstine
b) John Cornyn III
c) Mitchell McConnell
d) Cory Gardner
4. Which Gulf nation has approved a draft law on property ownership by foreigners?
a) Saudi Arabia
b) Qatar
c) Kuwait
d) UAE
5. The Commonwealth Heads of Government Summit 2018 was held in which city?
a) Tokyo
b) Stockholm
c) London
d) Berlin
6. Which social media platform would be introducing new privacy choices to users?
a) Facebook
b) Whatsapp
c) Twitter
d) Instagram
7. NASA launched planet-hunting spacecraft “TESS”. TESS is abbreviated as?
a) Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite
b) Transit Explorer Search Satellite
c) Tranche Exoplanet Survey Satellite
d) Tranche Explorer Search Satellite
8. Who was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award 2018 for the Best Leading Lady (Critics Award)?
a) Alia Bhatt
b) Aditi Rao Hydari
c) Anushka Sharma
d) Vidya Balan
9. Which country will host the 2018 Global IT Challenge for Youth with Disabilities?
a) Nepal
b) China
c) India
d) Bhutan
10. When is the World Liver Day observed every year?
a) April 16
b) April 17
c) April 18
d) April 19
11. When is the Civil Services Day observed every year?
a) April 19
b) April 20
c) April 21
d) April 22
12. Which Indian actress got featured in the Time's '100 Most Influential People' of 2018?
a) Deepika Padukone
b) Priyanka Chopra
c) Anushka Sharma
d) Vidya Balan


1. (b) Nepal
Nepal's government on April 19, 2018 honoured two climbers who were the first to scale Mount Everest without supplementary oxygen 40 years ago. Italian Reinhold Messner and Austrian Peter Habeler had reached the summit without the use of supplementary oxygen, while others on their team used bottled oxygen. Until then, all climbers carried oxygen cylinders to aid them at high altitudes where oxygen levels were low.

2. (d) Cuba
Miguel Diaz-Canel was formally named as the new President of Cuba on April 19, 2018. Canel would be succeeding Raul Castro in a historic handover that ends the six-decade rule by the Castro brothers. The 57-year-old, who was the only candidate for the presidency, was elected for a five-year term with 603 out of 604 possible votes in the National Assembly.

3. (a) Jim Bridenstine
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The US Senate has narrowly confirmed Jim Bridenstine, President Donald Trump's pick to head the space agency NASA, in a 50-49 vote. He will become the 13th administrator of NASA. The 42-year-old has expressed an interest in returning humans back to the moon, spoken of closer ties between NASA and the commercial space industry and has voiced skepticism about human-caused climate change.

4. (b) Qatar
Qatar has announced the approval of a draft law on regulating the ownership and use of properties by foreigners. The draft law rules that non-Qataris might own and use properties under specific conditions. The law applies to land space including buildings and residential units, in addition to the detachment units in residential complexes.

5. (c) London
The Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) kicked off at the Buckingham Palace in London, the United Kingdom on April 19. This is the first time in a decade that an Indian Prime Minister is attending the event, which is held every two years, having skipped the Group summits in Perth, Colombo and Malta since 2009.

6. (a) Facebook
Social media giant Facebook has announced that it would be rolling out new privacy experiences in compliance with EU rules. The users will be asked to review and choose what to share from the political, religious, and relationship information on their profiles.

7. (a) Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) launched planet-hunting spacecraft, Transit Exoplanet Survey Satellite(TESS) from Cape Canaveral in Florida on a mission to find thousands of new worlds beyond our Solar System.

8. (b) Aditi Rao Hydari
Aditi Rao Hydari was conferred with the Dadasaheb Phalke Excellence Award 2018 for the Best Leading Lady (Critics Award) for her memorable performance in ‘Bhoomi’.

9. (c) India
India will host the 2018 Global IT Challenge for Youth with Disabilities (GITC), which will be held in New Delhi from November 8 to 11. For this, on April 18, the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry’s disability division has signed an MoU with Korea’s Rehabilitation International to host the GITC.

10. (d) April 19
The World Liver Day (WLD) is observed every year on April 19 to build awareness and understanding how important the liver is for our body and how liver ailments can be treated. Liver is a unique organ in human body and has a special capacity of regeneration. It has been seen that even 75% of liver can be safely removed without any untoward consequences because of this capacity of regeneration.

11. (c) April 21
The Government of India celebrates April 21 every year as ‘Civil Services day’ as an occasion for the civil servants to rededicate themselves to the cause of citizen and renew their commitments to public service and excellence in work.

12. (a) Deepika Padukone
The TIME Magazine on April 19, 2018 released the 100 Most Influential People List of 2018 designating individuals whose time is now. The 2018 list features the names of four self-made Indians- Bollywood actress Deepika Padukone, Indian cricket captain Virat Kohli, Ola co-founder Bhavish Aggarwal and Microsoft’s CEO Satya Nadella.

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